Gingivitis is the first stage of gum disease. It is an inflammatory response caused when bacteria in the biofilm, or plaque, is not removed completely when brushing and flossing. Symptoms of gingivitis are red and swollen gums that bleed when brushing and flossing or during your hygiene appointment. Bleeding is a sign of infection in the gum tissue. When treated properly and promptly, gingivitis can be reversed because it has not caused permanent damage to the gums or the bone that surrounds the teeth. Regular dental cleanings and proper home care are vital in keeping gums healthy and preventing gingivitis.
Periodontal disease is an infection, or disease, that affects both the gums and the bone that holds the teeth in place. When gum tissue is healthy, it is pink and tight to the tooth. Signs of periodontitis may include red, swollen, sore gums that bleed and bad breath. As the disease progresses, the gums may recede, and the bacteria will cause permanent damage to the bone surrounding the tooth. If left untreated, Periodontitis can result in tooth loss and contribute to other health problems. With proper treatment, the effects of this disease can be stopped and health can be maintained through regular dental appointments and proper home care.
Scaling and Root Planing is a treatment option for many cases of Periodontitis. The quadrant, or section, of the mouth being treated will be numbed with local anesthesia to ensure patient comfort. Our hygienist will use an ultrasonic cleaning instrument and an antimicrobial solution to remove biofilm (plaque) and calculus (tartar) from above the gum line and below the gum line on the root of the tooth. This will create a smooth surface and allow the gums to heal and tighten back around the tooth. A proper home care routine is essential after this treatment. Instructions will be written and explained in detail for the patient, making home care maintenance easy and effective.